Suspended Animation #321
“The jungle: Here I was born; and here my parents died when I was but an infant. I would have soon perished, too, had I not been found by a kindly she-ape named Kala, who adopted me as her own and taught me the ways of the wild.
“I learned quickly, and grew stronger each day, and now I share the friendship and trust of all jungle animals. The jungle is filled with beauty, and danger; and lost cities filled with good and evil.
“This is my domain, and I protect those who come here; for I am Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle!”
That was the opening voice-over done by actor Robert Ridgely (who also provided the voice for Flash Gordon and Thundarr) for the Filmation Tarzan Lord of the Jungle series produced for thirty-six episodes by Filmation from 1976 through 1980 (although it continued in rerun episodes through 1982) that ran on CBS Saturday morning. That opening montage was storyboarded by Bob Kline.Amazingly this was the first official appearance of Tarzan in animation, although he was often parodied in several of the Warner Brothers short cartoons. In 1936, Bob Clampett had contacted Edgar Rice Burroughs personally to get permission to animate a series based on the author’s John Carter of Mars stories.
Burroughs himself contacted MGM about buying the proposed animated series. MGM was anxious to keep Burroughs happy since they were enjoying success with their live action Johnny Weissmuller film version of Tarzan and they were generally dissatisfied with their animated short subjects at the time.
However, MGM felt that Clampett’s realistic space fantasy approach would be difficult to sell because it was too strange.
Burroughs suggested a cartoon series featuring Tarzan who was already a well-known and well-loved character by the public. He would operate his own cartoon studio called Tarzantoons Inc. (initially to be located in Beverly Hills because of its nearness to Hollywood) and with Burroughs’ son John Coleman Burroughs in charge of the studio.The concept of the Tarzan cartoons would be funny animals doing silly things and then at the end of the cartoon, Tarzan would be heard doing his famous yell and briefly appear and save these foolish animals from being caught in quicksand or facing a vicious predator. It would be easier and less expensive to animate cartoon animals rather than realistic human beings.
The characters of Tarzan, Jane, and Muviro, Tarzan’s African native friend, were to be handled in a straight illustrative style. The animals were all going to be drawn as exaggerated cartoony characters.
As ERB started to look at the costs for setting up the studio, he began to have second thoughts as well as seeing the lack of enthusiasm by Clampett in this project with Clampett returning to Warners. ERB didn’t cancel the cartoons but decided to postpone making them for the time.
He had personally written two Tarzan scripts for the cartoons: “Nkima, Mighty Hunter, Mighty Fighter” and “Tarzan and Tantor.” The first script dealt with the humorous misadventures of Tarzan’s monkey friend, while the second was an adaptation of one of the stories, “The Capture of Tarzan,” from the book, Jungle Tales of Tarzan.
Clampett said, “I was very inspired by the Mars project. As much as I like Tarzan, to do the alternate series was simply not the same. Somehow, I just lost my enthusiasm for the new project.”
Tarzana is a suburban neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles that was the site of the ranch owned by author Edgar Rice Burroughs and named after his fictional creation Tarzan.
Filmation producer Lou Scheimer lived there and while thinking about potential projects for his animation studio it was natural to think of translating The Lord of the Jungle to animation. He met with Burroughs’ family that ran ERB Inc. to try to convince them to let him use the character.
Scheimer’s plan was to do an animated feature film that would introduce the character, his origin and more in order to set up a television series as Scheimer would later do with his version of Flash Gordon. Writer David Gerrold wrote a script but made changes to the original story that Burroughs’ grandson Danton hated resulting in Gerrold leaving Filmation and the project almost cancelled.
Eventually, the situation was worked out and Scheimer and Danton became friends. Danton even did the famous Tarzan yell for the series.
“The most important part was to do a show with a hero who was really sort of normal adult,” said Scheimer to author Andy Mangels. “He couldn’t fly; he couldn’t do all the superhero stuff but he had that capacity to work with animals. There was no place in the world where you could go where you couldn’t sell Tarzan. It eventually sold like hotcakes all over the world. It was very, very successful.
“There were twenty-four novels and we developed our stories from some of them and created others that were more appropriate for our more enlightened time or more fun for children. We tried to keep it so that there was some talk about preservation, how to treat animals and treating the other human denizens of the jungle with sensitivity. And we made the decision to have him speak. He was fully articulate and intelligent.”
The show was considered the most faithful adaptation of the Tarzan books ever put to film with much of the writing by Len Janson and Chuck Menville either as a team or separately. Having lost civilizations skirted the issues of jungle natives.
The Mangani language from the books was also liberally used. Tarzan spoke of Tantor the Elephant, Numa the Lion, Usha the wind, and admonished jungle animals to “unk!” (leave) when dismissing them. No Cheeta the Chimp from the movies. Tarzan had his spider monkey companion N’kima (voiced by Scheimer) and even Jad-bal-ja the Golden Lion made his appearance.
Jane did not appear until an episode specifically requested by the Burroughs’ estate so hey could re-secure the rights to the character who hadn’t been used since 1959.
To achieve a realistic human figure that resembled the classic work of artist Burne Hogarth on the Sunday Tarzan newspaper strip, Tarzan was rotoscoped.
“Our rotoscope model was a bartender from the bar down the street from Filmation called The Dug Out where some of our animators would disappear for a couple of hours,” said Scheimer. “Tarzan was always jumping through trees; grabbing vines, and running and swimming. He moved all the time doing things.”Some footage of aerialist Alfredo Codona from early Tarzan movies was also rotoscoped. Guest voice actors included Ted Cassidy, Joan Gerber, Barry Gordon, and (in the first of many roles for Filmation) Linda Gary.
After Filmation Studios was sold to L’Oreal, Scheimer started his own company and re-purchased the Tarzan rights for a new series to be called The Fantastic World of Tarzan that would focus on environmental, science-fiction and prehistoric elements like using Pellucidar.
Jane would be a redheaded photojournalist. A ten year old native boy named Quai would be mentored by Tarzan One storyline had La, the alien Queen of Xenopia, stranded in her spaceship The Opar along with her insectoid warriors.
Scheimer felt that the series didn’t sell because the networks were still angry at him about how Filmation had opened the door to syndicated animation.
Tarzan would not appear in animation again until 1999 with Walt Disney’s Tarzan and later as an animated television show in September 2001 with Disney’s Legend of Tarzan.