Sometimes there comes a show that’s just plain mystery because very little of it that survives. What the show was like, who worked on it, where it came from. Today, I’m going to write about one such show.
So comes Robotan. Daiko Advertising saw how successful Tokyo Movie’s Q-Taro the Ghost was on television, gaining 40% share in ratings, so they decided to produce their own show in an effort to gain some quick cash in ad revenues. They hired Kenji Morita (born 1939), a cartoonist with several titles already out (most notably Marude Dameo), to create a similar cartoon and also do a comic version to be published simultaneously with the show. The comic ultimately ran in Shonen Gaho.
Similar to Q-Taro, Robotan also centered on the “wacky friend moves in with a boy and his family” premise that became a trend in Japan on-and-off throughout the 1960s to the present. Robotan is a robot with a propeller on his head that befriended a boy named Kan-chan. Their rival was Bocchi, a little boy genius (he’s always seen sucking on a pacifier) bent on getting Robotan. The robot’s favorite food is bananas and is always seen eating them in huge bulks. Like “Q-Taro”, the show was a gag-comedy with each half-hour split into two segments. More and more gag-anime would follow.
Being a major ad agency in Tokyo, Daiko had no problem finding a sponsor. In this case, it was Glico, a candy company that already sponsored Tetsujin 28-go (aka Gigantor). The timing couldn’t be perfect, as Gigantor had just finished its 97-episode run in mid-1966.
Daiko farmed out animation to several studios, all located in Osaka, an unusual move as most animation production was occurring in Tokyo at the time. Studios involved are Puppe Production, A Production, Sun Production, and Nakamura Production. Puppe Production was founded in 1963 by Renzo Kinoshita (1936-1997), who worked on several TV shows (including Robotan) before devoting his time to independent shorts such as Pikadon (1978). Nakamura Production was run by Yasuo Nakamura, having come from Osaka Telefilm Center, doing cartoon designs for commercials. The A Production that worked on this show (established to handle workload on “Robotan”) is not related to the A Production that later became Shin’Ei Doga, which was based in Tokyo. Sun Production was yet another studio that was producing commercials. All stories were handled at Daiko, which would then be sent to the four studios, taking turns producing episodes. The films would then be sent to Daiko for editing and dubbing work.
Robotan, remarkably, managed to outlive the first Q-Taro anime. It aired on Fuji Television from October 4, 1966 to September 27, 1968 for 104 episodes (“Q-Taro” ended in 1967 and had 96 episodes). Even with that many episodes, however, it’s not sure known exactly what survives of it. In 2010, two 35mm black and white picture negatives (no soundtrack) for the anime showed up on Yahoo Japan’s auction service. Apparently Daiko threw the films out years ago, with various items going to different people here and there in the process. The negatives sold relatively cheap, under $100. Here’s hoping that whoever bought them are taking good care of them.
Normally this would be the end of it, but throwing away master elements didn’t stop Daiko from reviving the series 20 years later. This time, Daiko contracted Tokyo Movie Shinsha (TMS) to handle the color remake. It aired on Yomiuri Television from January 6 to September 22, 1986 for 33 episodes. The color series still survive and show up in reruns in various places. Below is a preview announcing the debut of the 1986 series:
• Producers: Tsuyoshi Hatta (early episodes), Isamu Hagi (later episodes)
• Planning: Tanto Bungei, Tatsuya Ono
• Character Created by Kenji Morita
• Character Design: Moriyasu Taniguchi
• Writers: Tsuyoshi Danjo, Takashi Taka, Yu Aku, others
• Directors: Hiroshi Ono, others
• Storyboards: Moriyasu Taniguchi, Renzo Kinoshita, others
• Music: Yasushi Kokura
• Animation Production: Puppe Production, A Production, Sun Production, Nakamura Production
• Produced by Daiko Production
• Producers: Toshio Matsui (Daiko), Shunzo Kato (Tokyo Movie Shinsha), Motoyoshi Tokunaga (Tokyo Movie Shinsha), Michihiko Suwa (Yomiuri TV)
• Chief Director: Masaharu Okuwaki
• Character Design: Satoshi Hirayama, Shin’Ichi Suzuki
• Directors: Kenji Kodama, Hiro Takeuchi, Shunji Oga, Makoto Morikawa, Wataru Mukaishima, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Yukio Suzuki, Tetsuo Yasumi, others
• Writers: Noboru Shiroyama, Narumitsu Taguchi, Masaaki Sakurai, Yoshio Urasawa, others
• Produced by Tokyo Movie Shinsha and Daiko Advertising